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Stoicism is one of the most interesting european philosphies, having as prominent representatives Marcus Aurelius, Epictetus and Seneca, but it is often poorly understood due to the fact that it has not, apparently, a specifically “technical” language concerning its doctrine. The consequence is that while the texts about stoicism that we have today are quite easy to read and understand superficially even for the casual reader, a deep and authenic understanding of them is often ignored.
The essence of stoicism consists in distinguish between what depends on us and what doesn’t depends on us:
Depends on us: -Judgment (positive or negative), -Desire or Aversion (to something), -Impulse to Action or to Non-Action. These things depends exclusively and totally on us, we have power over them, and they may correspond morally to good or evil wether they are compliant or non-compliant to nature.
Doesn’t depends on us: things external to us…
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